What is a sheepdog

What is a sheepdog? Introduce the characteristics and personality of each dog breed

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The breed that was active as a sheepdog has common intelligence and excellent athletic ability. There are many different breeds of sheepdogs, each with their own personality.

In this article, we will discuss the characteristics and temperament of sheepdogs. In addition, we will introduce 10 representative sheepdogs. Please refer to how to keep it and precautions.

What is a Sheepdog

A sheepdog is a dog that guides and monitors sheep on a farm.

Originally, the main role of sheepdogs was to control the movement of sheep and protect them from foreign enemies, but as the sheep farming business expanded, they began to take on the task of herding sheep in vast grasslands.

The important elements of a sheepdog are loyalty, calm judgment, and high leadership ability to work collaboratively with humans. Some sheep will come toward you, so you will need to have the strength to face them.
Most sheepdogs were bred as sheepdogs.

The difference between a sheepdog and a herding dog

The difference between a sheepdog and a herding dog is the difference in how the herd is grouped together. Sheepdogs are for sheep, while herding dogs are for horses, cattle, and other livestock.

In the days before automobiles, herding dogs chased herds of livestock from villages to markets. Herding dogs are characterized by their long-distance endurance and unflinching bravery against animals larger than themselves.

On the other hand, sheepdogs are required to have the ability to act and make judgments to keep the herd compact, and many of them are medium-sized or small breeds that are agile and active and have instantaneous power.

Sheepdog Job

A sheepdog’s job is to follow the shepherd’s whistle and hand signals to guide and lead the herd. There are two types of sheepdogs: Harding dogs and guard dogs.

Harding Dog

Herding dogs play a role in guiding sheep and cattle so that they do not get separated and return to the herd. It has a wide field of vision that can notice small changes and the ability to lead a group, and it has a high intelligence that can be safely guided without attacking directly.

Guarding dog

Guarding dogs are responsible for keeping watch over sheep and cattle and protecting them from enemies. It has a high physical ability, a strong physique, and the ability to sense danger, and there are many large dogs.

typical sheepdog

Here are 10 typical sheepdog breeds.

German Shepherd Dog

Height/weight and life expectancy

height Male 55-65 cm, Female 55-60 cm
body weight Male 22-40kg, Female 22-32kg
Average life 9-13 years old

How to keep

German Shepherd Dogs are intelligent, loyal and affectionate to their owners. However, they are wary and can become aggressive. It is necessary to train it more firmly than other dog breeds, not to keep it with an easy feeling because it is smart.

important point

Dog breeds are prone to hip dysplasia. Weight management can help prevent and reduce symptoms. In addition, since it is easy to cause “gastric dilatation” and “gastric torsion”, avoid sudden exercise after meals, reduce the number of meals at one time, and increase the number of meals to prevent them.

Welsh Corgi

Welsh Corgi
Welsh Corgi

Height/weight and life expectancy

height 25-30cm
body weight Male 10-12kg, Female 9-11kg
Average life 13 years old

How to keep

Welsh Corgis have a lot of exercises, so in addition to daily walks, make sure to run at the dog run regularly to release energy. It is also recommended to work on dog sports. They are intelligent and quick to learn, so they should be properly trained from puppyhood.

important point

He has a voracious appetite, so he gains weight easily. Obesity puts a strain on your legs and lowers back, making it easier for you to develop a herniated disc, so let’s control your diet. In addition, there are cases where they bite and destroy furniture. Until the training is over, keep your dog in a circle while you are away to prevent trouble.

During the shedding season, they shed a lot of hair, so frequent brushing is required.

Read Also: Can you get used to dog allergies? 

Border Collie

border collie
border collie

Height/weight and life expectancy

height 53cm
body weight 14-22kg
Average life 10-15 years old

How to keep

The Border Collie has a strong desire for exercise and work and has stamina. Satisfy your desires by letting them run as hard as you can at a dog run or by incorporating intellectual play.

In addition, they may bark or chase a running child or bicycle. Puppies should be trained from an early age so that the owner can control their behaviour.

important point

Due to its thick coat, it does not like heat. In the summer, please take measures against heat stroke, such as staying in a room with a controlled room temperature. In addition, brushing is essential to maintain a rich coat. Please remove loose hair diligently.

They have a strong appetite and tend to eat quickly, so it is recommended to use tableware to prevent eating too quickly.

Australian Shepherd

australian shepherd
australian shepherd

Height/weight and life expectancy

height Male 51-58 cm, Female 46-53 cm
body weight 18-35kg
Average life 12-15 years old

How to keep

The Australian Shepherd is a loving, devoted, and easy-to-train dog breed for its family. Due to their docile personality, they will be a good fit for families with small children. In addition, due to herding instincts, she has a habit of lightly biting people and animals to try to control their movements. The biting habit should be trained from an early age.

They are also very active, and lack of exercise can lead to behavioural problems. In addition to walking, please let him run freely at a dog run.

important point

Due to the long hair double coat and a lot of hair loss, it is prone to skin diseases. They should be brushed daily to remove loose hair and shampooed regularly. They are also susceptible to hereditary eye diseases such as “collie eye” and “urinary calculi”. If you notice any symptoms that are worrisome or unusual, please see a veterinarian.

Rough Collie

rough collie
rough collie

Height/weight and life expectancy

height Male 51-61 cm, Female 51-56 cm
body weight Male around 30kg, female around 25kg
Average life 14-16 years old

How to keep

Rough Collies are loyal and friendly to their owners. She has a sensitive side and is sensitive to her owner’s anger and anxiety. Try to keep the owner as calm as possible.

Defensive instincts can be strong due to herding dog remnants. Please do not bark or attack.

important point

Due to its rich coat, it is vulnerable to heat, so it is necessary to take measures against heatstroke in the summer. Control the room temperature to keep yourself comfortable. They are also susceptible to genetic eye disorders such as collie eye and cerebellar ataxia. “Cerebellar ataxia” is characterized by symptoms such as dizziness and unsteadiness. If you feel anything unusual, please consult your veterinarian.

Bearded Collie

Bearded Collie
Bearded Collie

Height/weight and life expectancy

height Male 51-56 cm, Female 51-53 cm
body weight 18-27kg
Average life 14-15 years old

How to keep

Bearded Collies need a lot of exercises, so give them plenty of exercise outside of walking. Therefore, it is ideal to have a large breeding space where you can move your body freely.

It is basically obedient to its owner, but it has a stubborn side. Make the master-servant relationship clear and discipline them patiently.

important point

The coat is difficult to care for due to its long and thick hair. It is easy to get stuffy and prone to skin diseases, so it requires frequent brushing and regular trimming. Eye diseases caused by hair getting in the eyes can be prevented by keeping the hair around the face short. In addition, it is sensitive to heat, so please consider walking in the shade or changing the time of day when taking a walk in the summer.

Australian Kelby

australian kelby
australian kelby

Height/weight and life expectancy

height Male 46-51 cm, Female 43-48 cm
body weight 11.5-14kg
Average life around 12 years old

How to keep

The Australian Kelby has a lot of exercise and stamina. Whether there is an environment and time to satisfy the desire for exercise is also a point in breeding. Because they are very wary, it is necessary to train them so that they can be controlled to prevent unwanted barking.

important point

Genetic testing is recommended before adoption, as they are susceptible to progressive atrophy, an inherited eye disease. If you have trouble walking, you may have cerebellar degeneration. Please see a veterinarian as soon as possible. In addition, it is easy to develop hip dysplasia, so pay attention to exercise and diet management. In addition, they are prone to dilated cardiomyopathy, so if you see any abnormalities such as fainting, take them to a veterinary hospital immediately.

Shetland Sheepdog

Height/weight and life expectancy

height Male 35-39 cm, Female 33.5-37.5 cm
body weight 8-12kg
Average life 12 years old

How to keep

Shetland Sheepdogs are very energetic and should be exercised daily. It is also recommended to incorporate play using the head with educational toys. When disciplining, make sure that the owner understands that you are the leader and treat him with a resolute attitude. They are also very wary and sensitive to people and sounds and may bark, so it is a good idea to accustom them to the stimulation of people and sounds from an early age.

important point

Due to its abundant fur, it is necessary to take measures against heatstroke, such as controlling the temperature and humidity with an air conditioner in the summer. In order to prevent “skin disease”, let’s remove loose hair with daily brushing.
They are also susceptible to epilepsy and the hereditary eye disease collie eye, so be sure to keep a close eye on them on a daily basis. If you feel that something is wrong, please consult your veterinarian.

Height/weight and life expectancy

height Male 26-32 cm, Female 26-32 cm
body weight Male 11-17kg, Female 11-17kg
Average life 12-14 years old

How to keep

The Welsh Corgi cardigan is very cautious, so people who meet it for the first time may find it difficult to get used to it. They are also aggressive towards other dogs, so they are not suitable for multi-dog households. Discipline is not easy, and you will not listen to what you say to do with an ambiguous attitude. Be resolute and try to teach consistent rules. In addition, since the amount of exercise is large, daily walks and exercise are indispensable. Let’s fix the biting habit while it’s young.

important point

Due to its short double coat and thick coat, it is prone to skin diseases. It can be prevented by brushing and shampooing regularly to remove hair loss.

In terms of disease, it is easy to suffer from “hip dysplasia” and “lumbar disc herniation”. Both diseases are caused by the burden on the legs due to obesity. Please try to ensure dietary control and the amount of exercise.

Height/weight and life expectancy

height Male 65-80 cm, Female 60-70 cm
body weight Male 50-60kg, Female 40-50kg
Average life 10-12 years old

How to keep

Due to their large size, Komondors need a large space to move around. There is a lot of exercises, so please create opportunities to exercise your body in a large park or dog run.

In addition, because they are smart, proud, and independent, it is important to take leadership with discipline. They are loyal to their family and possess excellent protective instincts, making them a reliable companion for your family.

important point

Rope-shaped hair easily attracts dust and dirt, making it difficult to clean. It cannot be brushed with a brush or comb and must be removed by hand. Shampooing is also effective for keeping the skin clean, but it takes a lot of time and effort, so it is better to ask a professional. Due to their thick coat, they are prone to heatstroke. Keep your walk cool and keep your room at a comfortable temperature.

Summary

A sheepdog is a dog that manages and guides a flock of sheep. They follow human instructions faithfully, are agile, highly athletic, and have excellent judgment. When breeding sheepdogs, it is important to understand their characteristics and satisfy their desire for exercise and work.

Due to the remnants of sheepdogs, they are highly alert and prone to barking and biting habits, so please train them properly from an early age. When disciplining, it is important for the owner to take the initiative and take leadership with a resolute attitude. They are affectionate and loyal to their owners, so if master-servant relationships are properly established, they can build good relationships.

Adopting a sheepdog as a member of the family will surely be a reliable presence.

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