Is it OK for dogs to eat salmon

Is it OK for dogs to eat salmon? explains the proper way to give

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Salmon is a healthy food for dogs. Rich in high-quality proteins and fatty acids, it is an excellent source of nutrition. A pet nutritionist will explain the nutrients contained in salmon and what you should be careful about when giving them.

Table of Contents

Is it ok for dogs to eat salmon

Salmon contains protein, omega-3 fatty acids such as EPA and DHA, vitamin D and vitamin B, and is a food that dogs can eat. Because of its red flesh, it is often thought that it is a red-fleshed fish like tuna and bonito, but it is actually a white-fleshed fish.

Salmon meat is red because it contains a pigment called “astaxanthin”, which is the same as crab and shrimp. Astaxanthin has a strong antioxidant effect and can be expected to have anti-aging effects.

Salmon (white salmon) Salmon (Atlantic salmon, with skin)
energy 160kcal 270kcal
protein 29.1g 24.5g
Lipid 5.1g 19.7g
potassium 440mg 460mg
EPA 300mg 470mg
DHA 550mg 740mg
Vitamin B12 6.0 μg 5.6 μg
Vitamin D 39.0 μg 11.0 μg
nutrients feature
potassium It has the effect of excreting excess salt, maintaining a balance with sodium, and stabilizing blood pressure. If your kidneys are weak, it can be overdone and damage your heart. It is necessary to pay attention to the amount of intake.
EPA It has an anti-inflammatory effect and is effective in relieving allergic dermatitis, atopic dermatitis, peritonitis, colitis, and periodontal disease (*1) . It is also expected to have anti-cancer effects (*2) , and is thought to lead to alleviation of kidney diseases such as renal failure.
DHA It works to protect the central nervous system, and can be expected to prevent and improve strokes and dementia. It is essential for the growth of puppies and leads to normal development of nerves, brain membranes, hearing, intelligence, discipline and dog training ability.
Vitamin B12 As a coenzyme, it supports protein synthesis and energy production. It also works to normalize nerve function and sleep rhythm, and supports the production of hemoglobin in red blood cells, so a deficiency leads to anemia.
Vitamin D It promotes the absorption of calcium and phosphorus in the small intestine and kidneys, and helps strengthen bones and teeth. Deficiency leads to skeletal abnormalities, paralysis, and ataxia. We humans can synthesize vitamin D in our skin when exposed to sunlight (ultraviolet rays) , but dogs cannot produce enough of it, so they must consume it through their diet. However, overdose may lead to hypercalcemia.

 

Appropriate way of feeding salmon

Appropriate way of feeding salmon
Appropriate way of feeding salmon

heated and without additives

Boil or steam them without adding seasonings such as oil, salt, or pepper. Do not feed seasoned foods such as salmon flakes or canned foods, as they are high in salt.

Be careful with the amount you give

If salmon is given as a topping to a complete diet or as a snack, it should be within 10% of the optimal daily calorie intake.

heated and without additives

Boil or steam them without adding seasonings such as oil, salt, or pepper. Do not feed seasoned foods such as salmon flakes or canned foods, as they are high in salt.

Be careful with the amount you give

If salmon is given as a topping to a complete diet or as a snack, it should be within 10% of the optimal daily calorie intake.

It’s okay to give the skin

Salmon skin contains a lot of collagen. Collagen is a healthy food for dogs because it has the effect of making joints slippery. It would be nice to cut it up and give it to you.

It’s okay to give milt too

Salmon milt is 80% water and is safe for dogs to eat. Arginine contained in milt stimulates the secretion of insulin, which is thought to help prevent kidney diseases such as diabetes and renal failure.

Read Also: Encephalitis (meningitis) in dogs

Precautions when giving salmon to dogs

Food poisoning caused by Anisakis

There is concern about food poisoning caused by the parasite “Anisakis” in wild salmon. Salmon, which is commonly distributed as sashimi, is farmed, so there is almost no need to worry about parasites. Also, even if it is natural, if it is properly frozen, Anisakis will be dead, so there is no problem.

When the freshness of parasitic seafood drops, Anisakis migrates from the internal organs to the muscles, pierces the walls of the stomach and intestines, and can cause vomiting and severe pain in food poisoning (anisakiasis). Anisakis is sensitive to heat and is said to be killed by boiling or baking.

Fear of vitamin B1 deficiency

Raw salmon contains an enzyme called thiaminase that breaks down vitamin B1.

A small amount is not a problem, but consuming a large amount of raw salmon (thiaminase) on a daily basis may lead to a lack of vitamin B1, leading to “vitamin B1 deficiency. ”

In the early stages of vitamin B1 deficiency, loss of appetite and excessive drooling are observed, followed by seizures and neurological/motor dysfunction.

It seems that recovery can be expected if treated early, but it is said that there is a high possibility that death will occur within 48 hours if severe extensor stiffness and coma are left untreated.

possibility of allergies

There are two types of food allergies: congenital allergies and acquired allergies, which are caused by eating the same foods for a long period of time. Allergies may cause the following symptoms:

  • diarrhea
  • vomiting
  • fever
  • I’m not feeling well
  • itchy skin

If your pet has any of the above symptoms, contact your veterinarian immediately.

Main ingredients contained in salmon (salmon)

DHA

One of the omega-3 unsaturated fatty acids, it has a role in keeping the skin and mucous membranes healthy and activating the function of the brain. It can also prevent dementia, so it is one of the nutrients that you want to actively incorporate.

EPA

It is an unsaturated fatty acid that is abundant in fish. By preventing blood clots from forming in the blood, EPA can be expected to reduce the probability of myocardial infarction and cerebral infarction, which are likely to be caused by clogging.

Vitamin A

Also known as the “eye vitamin,” it is important for preventing cataracts and maintaining corneal health. It also helps keep the skin and coat healthy.

Vitamin D

An important vitamin that helps absorb calcium. Efficient absorption of calcium for dogs leads to prevention of osteoporosis and fractures.

Vitamin E

It has antioxidant properties. By removing excessive active enzymes, it works to prevent aging and a decline in immunity.

salmon treats for dogs

salmon treats for dogs
salmon treats for dogs

Salmon jerky can be eaten with the bones and skin, making it a great snack.

summary

  • Serve boiled or steamed
  • It’s okay to give skin and milt
  • Giving raw is dangerous

Avoid seasoned salmon

There are many foods that are good for humans but are dangerous for dogs. Please understand them properly and have a fun food life with your pet!

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