There are quite a few owners who want their dogs to live a long and healthy life by giving them homemade rice. When making homemade rice, I would like to devise a selection of ingredients and a cooking method.
In this article, I will explain the benefits of homemade rice and the precautions when giving it. Get the right knowledge and make delicious meals for your dog.
ifference between homemade rice and dog food
Homemade rice and dog food have different nutritional balance.
Dog food is a “comprehensive nutritional food” that has been calculated to provide the nutritional balance necessary for growth. There are dry food that can be dried and stored at room temperature and wet food that has been retorted.
On the other hand, homemade rice can take in all the nutrients, textures, and aromas that the ingredients originally have, but compared to dog food, the overall nutritional balance tends to be biased.
Both have their pros and cons, so let’s take a look at the differences.
Benefits of homemade dog food
Homemade rice has a variety of benefits that you can’t get with commercial dog food.
You can also rehydrate
Unlike dry food, handmade rice contains a lot of water because it uses raw ingredients. In the case of dry food, it is necessary to take in water according to the meal, but in the case of homemade rice, the water can be supplemented naturally.
You will be given a diet suitable for your physical constitution and age.
Homemade rice is a custom-made meal for your dog. You can make it according to your dog’s taste, physical condition and appearance, so you can respond flexibly. If you make it with various ingredients, you will not get tired of eating it. Even if you are worried about deterioration due to illness or aging, you can create a menu that suits your dog’s condition. If you are unsure about what to eat, please consult your veterinarian.
Supplements the enzymes contained in food
Some foods, such as vegetables and fruits, contain enzymes. Enzymes have the effect of adjusting the intestinal environment, so it is recommended for children with constipation. Commercially processed dog foods do not contain this enzyme. Enzymes are inactivated by heat treatment, but if you give them raw ingredients such as homemade rice, the enzymes can be replenished.
Additive-free and highly nutritious
Homemade rice can be made without additives, so you can give it to your dog with confidence. Another advantage is the ability to use seasonal ingredients and create fresh, nutritious meals. If you are particular about the ingredients you use, you may choose domestic organic ingredients.
Commercial dog foods contain additives such as preservatives and antioxidants. For children with allergies or weak skin, it is not uncommon for symptoms to improve when commercial dog food is made into homemade rice.
Read Also: What causes dogs to sneeze?
Tips for homemade dog food
When making homemade rice, you can freely choose the ingredients, but depending on the ingredients, it is also important to pay attention to the cooking method. For your dog, I will introduce the points to make safe rice for each ingredient.
Hard vegetables cannot be eaten or swallowed by children with weak chewing power, so they should be softened by heating before giving them. When boiling or frying, keep the cooking to a minimum so as not to lose nutrition. Cut vegetables that are given raw into bite-sized pieces.
There is an image that dogs like raw meat, but it may be dangerous to give it raw. Pork and chicken should be thoroughly cooked, as they contain salmonella bacteria, which can cause food poisoning . The only meat that can be given raw is fresh beef and horse meat.
One thing to watch out for is Anisakis, which often lives on mackerel, sardines, and salmon. Eating raw may cause vomiting and severe abdominal pain. Make sure the fish is cooked. Also, choose a soft one with few bones, and give it after removing as much bone as possible.
Rice and wheat, which are carbohydrates, are gelatinized by adding water and heating, making them plump and easy to digest and absorb.
If you leave it as it is, it will lose moisture and become hard and dry, so let’s heat it again.
How much homemade dog food
The amount of rice you eat depends on your age, activity level, and physical constitution. Observe the poop, hair dullness, weight gain and loss, etc., and give an appropriate amount.
The amount of rice should be 2-3% of body weight. Animal foods such as meat and fish should be about 70-100g for a person weighing 5kg. Ideally, the total rice should consist of 60% animal foods, 30-40% vegetables, and 10% or less grains.
When giving it as a topping, the amount of meat should be about 30g per 5kg of body weight per day, and the vegetables should be about 1 palm-sized piece of cabbage.
When using with dog food, be careful not to consume too many calories. If you feed your dog homemade food, reduce the amount of dog food accordingly.
Best ingredients for homemade dog food
We will look at the recommended ingredients for homemade rice divided into the puppy period, the adult dog period, and the senior period.
Recommended food for puppies
During the puppy period, the digestive function is underdeveloped. Choose foods that are easily digestible and nutritious.
Chicken is a low-fat, easy-to-digest food compared to other meats. It has a good balance of amino acids and also contains unsaturated fatty acids such as linoleic acid and linolenic acid, which lower blood cholesterol.
Small fish contain a large amount of high-quality animal protein that is essential for growth. Rich in ingredients such as DHA and EPA, it can be ingested together with calcium. Since it may contain small bones, prepare it by chopping it finely with a mixer.
Best food for adult dogs
For healthy adult dogs, actively take in foods that serve as protein sources, and take in good quality oils as well.
Red fish such as tuna
Red fish such as tuna, which is given raw to dogs, contains abundant protein, calcium, and omega-3
polyunsaturated fatty acids. Fish protein is less likely to cause allergies than meat.
Chicken and pork are high in protein and low in calories, making them easy to use for homemade rice. Beef Ribs are high in fat, so be careful with the amount you give them.
The amount of protein and fat in meat varies depending on the breed and part, so be sure to check when using it.
soybean or vegetable oil
When you eat soybeans, which is a protein source, you can also ingest linoleic acid. Linoleic acid prevents arteriosclerosis, lowers blood pressure, and reduces LDL-cholesterol. Vegetable oils such as sunflower oil and safflower oil provide essential fatty acids in small amounts, so try incorporating them.
Liver is rich in fat-soluble vitamins that regulate vitamins and minerals. Be careful not to overdo it and use it wisely.
Recommended food for old dogs (senior dogs)
Older dogs (senior dogs) have a weaker digestive system. Try to choose foods that are easy to digest as much as possible.
White fish is high in protein, low in fat, soft and easy to digest, making it ideal for older dogs.
Lean pork tenderloin or beef thigh
Giving older dogs fatty meat can cause diarrhea and vomiting. A lean pork tenderloin or beef thigh should be given.
Foods with antioxidants
Foods such as pumpkin, broccoli, and carrots are rich in antioxidants such as vitamins A and C. By taking antioxidant substances, you can expect anti-aging and anti-aging effects.
Foods that are dangerous to dogs
There are dangerous foods that your dog may be unwell if he eats them, so be sure to keep them under control.
Onions, green onions, chives
When dogs eat onions, green onions, chives, etc., they cause fused anemia and hemoglobinuria. Symptoms such as blood in the urine can be seen, and it may be life-threatening, so you should never give it to your dog.
A substance called theobromine, which is found in cacao in chocolate, can cause poisoning symptoms. Not only can diarrhea and vomiting occur, but it can also be life-threatening, so be careful when handling it.
Xylitol, which is contained in gum, can cause hypoglycemia in dogs, causing symptoms such as weakness and convulsions. It is an ingredient that you want to be careful about because it can cause liver damage.
Dogs don’t have the enzyme to break down alcohol, so if they eat alcohol, they’ll get poisoned. Side dishes and seasonings may contain alcohol, so be sure to check the content label when feeding.
Potato sprouts contain solanine, which is toxic to dogs as well as humans. Avoid using sprouted potatoes.
A healthy body will be made by the meals that are a stack of days. When giving homemade rice, it is basic to make it in consideration of nutrition and safety. By choosing and incorporating fresh, seasonal ingredients, you can provide a nutritious diet. Another advantage of handmade rice is that you can make it according to your dog’s condition, age, etc.
If your dog is happy to eat homemade rice, the owner will be happy too. Let’s make a loving handmade rice and have your dog spend a healthy and healthy life every day.